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Thursday, February 6, 2020 | History

3 edition of Improved access to foreign markets raises plant-level productivity...for some plants found in the catalog.

Improved access to foreign markets raises plant-level productivity...for some plants

Alla Lileeva

Improved access to foreign markets raises plant-level productivity...for some plants

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Published by National Bureau of Economic Research in Cambridge, Mass .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Tariff -- United States,
  • Exports -- Canada,
  • Labor productivity -- Canada -- Econometric models,
  • United States -- Commercial policy,
  • Canada -- Commerce -- United States,
  • United States -- Commerce -- Canada

  • About the Edition

    We weigh into the debate about whether rising productivity is ever a consequence rather than a cause of exporting. Exporting and investing to raise productivity are complimentary activities. For lower-productivity firms, incurring the fixed costs of such investments is justifiable only if accompanied by the larger sales volumes that come with exporting. Lower foreign tariffs will induce these firms to simultaneously export and invest in productivity. In contrast, lower foreign tariffs will induce higher-productivity firms to export without investing, as in Melitz (2003). We model this econometrically using a heterogeneous response model. Unique "plant-specific" tariff cuts serve as our instrument for the decision of Canadian plants to start exporting to the United States. We find that those lower-productivity Canadian plants that were induced by the tariff cuts to start exporting (a) increased their labor productivity, (b) engaged in more product innovation, and (c) had high adoption rates of advanced manufacturing technologies. These new exporters also increased their domestic (Canadian) market share at the expense of non-exporters, which suggests that the labor productivity gains reflect underlying gains in TFP. In contrast, we find no effects for higher-productivity plants, just as predicted by our complementarity theory.

    Edition Notes

    StatementAlla Lileeva, Daniel Trefler.
    SeriesNBER working paper series -- no. 13297., Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research) -- working paper no. 13297.
    ContributionsTrefler, Daniel., National Bureau of Economic Research.
    The Physical Object
    Pagination44 p. :
    Number of Pages44
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL17635120M
    OCLC/WorldCa166353694

    Businessmen define it more narrowly. The first of these is simply that as the U. We therefore describe Pb in much more detail than is the reporting norm. That's extremely important. So that part of the system is tracked.

    Third-party content—The World Bank does not necessarily own each component of the content contained within the work. Empirical Model III i. Thus, in those models, factors of production leave the low productive firms and are reallocated to the most productive firms, and this in itself can lead to an increase in productivity. Similar to patterns observed in high-income economies, labor productivity differentials between agriculture and more modern activities play an important role in explaining the movement of labor across OVERVIEW sectors, with the sensitivity of labor movement to productivity much higher in South Asia than in high-income economies.

    Firms needing vast amounts of capital to finance capacity additions could no longer afford to waste resources on inefficient operations. Identifying Treated Firms All firms were affected indirectly by the reforms as the industry restructured and competition intensified. I'm not advocating that our vision should be a Vietnam War so we can encourage innovation, but we have to recognize that there is interplay between the profit, which is extremely important, and the government. Unlike in high-income countries, firms in South Asia appear to benefit relatively more from a wide diversity of workers available in a single location urbanization economies rather than a concentration of highly specialized workers localization economies.


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Improved access to foreign markets raises plant-level productivity...for some plants by Alla Lileeva Download PDF Ebook

Journal of Contemporary Asia, 44 136— Industry relatedness and the development of new growth paths in regions.

These dynamics are similar to what has been previously observed across a range of high-income economies, such as Sweden, the United Kingdom, and the United States.

Elusive sophistication and low quality of exports. Interpreting Pb as initial productivity, this pattern is consistent with our figure 3 prediction. It also meant, and I think Ms. In the Chinese electricity sector, this Improved access to foreign markets raises plant-level productivity.for some plants book even more strongly as the investment strategy of firms is subject to government approval.

Journal of Economic Geography, 17 3. I have a been looking at the United States and Germany models, but particularly that of the U. They may be discussing those studies today. Additionally, by laying out our plans for further work in this area, this publication encourages future input from all users.

The course is applied-oriented: after reviewing basic theories associated with each topic, each session will involve presentations of recent empirical papers. When large-scale solutions are difficult or costly, improved infrastructure could be delivered through industrial zones or clusters.

Cusolito, A. Research Policy, 44 10— Improved access to foreign markets raises plant-level productivity…for some plants. If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item.

The reforms are likely to have an impact on operational efficiency through several channels. They can cause inconsistent estimates if they influence the output level or are correlated with the restructuring effect.

It is not just overall productivity of an economy that is important but also how it varies across the economy and across the people living in it.Improved Access to Foreign Markets Raises Plant-level Productivity For Some Plants.

Alla Lileeva and Daniel Trefler. The Quarterly Journal of Economics,vol.issue 3, Abstract: Market size matters for innovation and hence for productivity.

What Drives the Evolution of Export Product Space in China?

Improved access to foreign markets will thus encourage firms to simultaneously export and invest in raising tjarrodbonta.com by: Economic Report of the President | 5 As we knew when we set out to reform taxes and rein in the regulatory state, when America’s enterprises are optimistic about where the economy is.

Lileeva, A and D Trefler (), “Improved access to foreign markets raises plant-level productivity for some plants”, Quarterly Journal of Economics (3): Mayer, T, M J Melitz and G I Ottaviano (), “Product mix and firm productivity responses to trade competition”, NBER working paper Pdf to these estimates, market share reallocations raised manufacturing productivity by %, while exit of the least productive plants raised productivity by an additional %.

In other words, the efficiency of Canadian manufacturing improved by % on account of these tjarrodbonta.com by: Plant-level Productivity in A Declining Market: The Case of Union Locals Thomas Breda*, Alex Bryson** and John Download pdf The selling of trade union membership is an interesting setting in which to estimate plant-level productivity for a number of reasons.

First, although it is perhaps not immediately In declining markets it is often.The book title is “ "Improved Access to Foreign Markets Ebook Plant-level Productivity For Some Plants." The Quarterly Journal of Economics (): Khandelwal, Amit.

“The long and short (of) quality ladders.” The Review of Economic Studies.